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Beluga Whale by ashamandour Beluga Whale by ashamandour
Photo by: A. Shamandour

The beluga or white whale, Delphinapterus leucas, is an Arctic and sub-Arctic cetacean. It is one of two members of the family Monodontidae, along with the narwhal, and the only member of the genus Delphinapterus. This marine mammal is commonly referred to simply as the melonhead, beluga or sea canary due to its high-pitched twitter. It is adapted to life in the Arctic, so has a number of anatomical and physiological characteristics that differentiate it from other cetaceans. Amongst these are its unmistakable all-white colour and the absence of a dorsal fin. It possesses a distinctive protuberance at the front of its head which houses an echolocation organ called the melon, which in this species is large and plastic (deformable). The beluga’s body size is between that of a dolphin’s and a true whale’s, with males growing up to 5.5 m (18 ft) long and weighing up to 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). This whale has a stocky body; it has the greatest percentage of blubber. Its sense of hearing is highly developed and it possesses echolocation, which allows it to move about and find blowholes under sheet ice. Belugas are gregarious and they form groups of up to 10 animals on average, although during the summer months, they can gather in the hundreds or even thousands in estuaries and shallow coastal areas. They are slow swimmers, but they can dive down to 700 m (2,300 ft) below the surface. They are opportunistic feeders and their diets vary according to their locations and the season. They mainly eat fish, crustaceans and other deep-sea invertebrates. The majority of belugas live in the arctic and the seas and coasts around North America, Russia and Greenland; their worldwide population is thought to number around 150,000 individuals. They are migratory and the majority of groups spend the winter around the arctic ice cap; but when the sea ice melts in summer, they move to warmer river estuaries and coastal areas. Some populations are sedentary and do not migrate over great distances during the year. The native peoples of North America and Russia have hunted belugas for many centuries. They were also hunted commercially during the 19th century and part of the 20th century. Whale hunting has been under international control since 1973. Currently, only certain Inuit groups are allowed to carry out subsistence hunting of belugas. Other threats include natural predators (polar bears and killer whales), contamination of rivers, and infectious diseases. From a conservation perspective, the beluga was placed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List in 2008 as being "near threatened"; however, the subpopulation from the Cook Inlet in Alaska is considered Critically Endangered and is under the protection of the United States' Endangered Species Act. Of seven Canadian beluga populations, the two inhabiting eastern Hudson Bay and Ungava Bay are listed as endangered. Belugas are one of the cetaceans most commonly kept in captivity in aquaria and wildlife parks in North America, Europe and Asia; they are popular with the public due to their colour and expressivity.

Beluga Whale II by ashamandour

Diving by ashamandour
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:iconcgmerrygc:
cgmerrygc Featured By Owner Jun 11, 2014
I totally thought this was a painting of Kela, it's so beautiful!
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:iconbriel74:
Briel74 Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2014
aweeeeeeeeeee so cute :hug:
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:iconebeneezerscrooge123:
EbeneezerScrooge123 Featured By Owner Mar 30, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
Baby Beluga!
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:iconmarmotica:
Marmotica Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Beautiful!
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:icons-kmp:
s-kmp Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2014
:w00t: Congratulations, this lovely piece has been featured here Animal Feature 16 at :iconanimal-portraits:

Keep up the great work  :)
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:iconashamandour:
ashamandour Featured By Owner Jan 30, 2014  Professional Photographer
Thanks a lot, i loved the collection
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:icons-kmp:
s-kmp Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2014
It's my pleasure :)
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:iconsuzannesphotos:
Suzannesphotos Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Beautiful! 
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:iconpridescrossing:
PridesCrossing Featured By Owner Jan 22, 2014
That is so beautiful!!:clap: Excellent information too!
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:iconashamandour:
ashamandour Featured By Owner Jan 22, 2014  Professional Photographer
Thanks a lot, i really appreciate it :aww:
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